Miscellaneous Editors
and Arrangers of Cello Music

(In Alphabetical Order)

Joseph Adamowski, born 1862 in Poland. Died 1930. Silver Medalist at the Moscow Conservatory, studying with Fitzenhagen and Tchaikovsky, before coming to America in 1889 to play in the Boston Symphony. He and his brother formed the Adamowski Quartet Trio. Cello Professor at the New England Conservatory in 1903.

Wilhelm Altman was born in 1862. Director of the Berlin National Library's music division in 1915. In 1935 he made a popular edition of the Haydn D-Major Concerto. He died in 1951.

Mily Balakirev (1837-1910) was one of Russia's "Mighty Five" nationalist composers. He orchestrated Chopin's E-minor Piano Concerto, and assisted Grutzmacher in editing the Trio and the Cello Sonata.

Hugo Becker was born in Germany in 1864. Frankfurt Conservatory professor and the Opera's principal cellist. Becker succeeded Hausmann (cellist of the Joachim Quartet) at the Berlin Hochschule, where Grummer, Schuster, and Piatigorsky studied with him. In the introduction to his Bach Suites edition, Becker wrote: "The editor has not included the notorious errors contained in the so-called 'original' written by Bach's wife." He died in 1941.

Alexandre Beon arranged Loeillet's works for modern instruments. The Piano Trio in B minor, reprinted by International as the work of Jean Baptiste "Loeillet de Gant" (1688-ca. 1720), was actually composed by his cousin, Jean Baptiste "John of London" Loeillet (1680-1730) in C minor for recorder, oboe, and basso continuo. Beon died in 1912.

Ernest Cahnbley was born in 1875, and was solo cellist with the orchestras of Hanover, Riga, and St. Petersburg. Later, in Dortmund, he became solo cellist and a conservatory professor. In 1928, he was performing with the Adolf Schiering Quartet in Wurzburg. He died in 1936.

Gilberto Crepax (1890-1970) edited Boccherini sonatas and taught at the Milan Conservatory (Antonio Janigro was his student). He became solo cellist of the Orchestra Toscanini.

Hugo Dechert, born 1860, was solo cellist for the Berlin Hofkapelle (Royal Court Orchestra) and played with the Halir and Joachim Quartets. Dechart assisted Moser in editing the Haydn Quartets. He died in 1923.

Jules Delsart was born in France in 1844. He was Franchomme's student, and succeeded him upon his death. He founded the Societe des Instruments Anciens, which performed all over Europe. In 1891 in London, Delsart, Popper, and Edward Howell premiered Popper's Requiem for three cellos and orchestra, which Popper wrote in memory of Popper's friend and publisher Daniel Rahter. He died in 1900.

Jules De Swert (born in 1843) studied with Servais and became principal cellist in Weimar. He was also principal of Berlin's Hofkapelle and the Hochschule's first cello professor. In 1873, De Swert retired from teaching to compose. He formed a trio with Leopold Auer and Clara Schumann. Richard Wagner appointed him principal cellist in his orchestra in Bayreuth. He died in 1891.

Louis Feuillard (1872-1941) was a dedicated professor at the Paris Conservatoire, and a faithful chamber musician and quartet cellist. His most famous student was Paul Tortelier.

Luigi Forino was born in Italy in 1868. He edited Boccherini's sonatas and wrote a history of the cello and cellists. He became professor of harmony and counterpoint at the National Conservatory in Buenos Aires, returning to Italy as professor at Rome's Academia Santa Cecilia. He died in 1936.

Frits Gaillard (born 1875) was principal cellist at Amsterdam's Concertgebouw orchestra from 1905-1920. He joined the Los Angeles Philharmonic in 1923, and retired after the 1938-39 season. He gave the American premiere of D'Albert's Cello Concerto in 1926 in Los Angeles.

Belgian Francois-Auguste Gevaert (1828-1908) headed the Brussels Conservatory from 1870 to 1907. He edited ancient music, wrote an organ method and a treatise on instrumentation, as well as composing the national anthem for the Belgian Congo. He edited the Haydn D-Major Cello Concerto in 1890.

Georgio Frederico Ghedini was born in Italy in 1892. He was assistant conductor at the Turin's Teatro Reggio, professor of harmony and counterpoint at the Turin Conservatory, and, later, professor of composition at the Parma and Milan Conservatories.

Georg Goltermann was born in 1824, and became the Frankfurt Stadttheater's director. His cello concertos were popular in the 19th century. Georg Goltermann died in 1898. He is sometimes confused with Popper's teacher Julius Goltermann (1825-1876).

Nicolai Graudan was born in Russia in 1896, and followed Piatigorsky as solo cellist of the Berlin Philharmonic. When Hitler came to power, Graudan went to London and then to the U.S. He was principal cellist with the Minneapolis Symphony before relocating to Los Angeles. He taught at the Aspen Festival and the Music Academy of the West in Santa Barbara, and joined violist Primrose's Festival Quartet. He died in 1964.

Paul Grummer (1879-1965) was principal of the Vienna Opera Orchestra, and played with the Busch Quartet. Grummer helped revive the viola da gamba, writing a gamba method, playing in early music groups, and performing with harpsichordist Wanda Landowska. He edited the Beethoven trios (with Carl Herrmann).

Friedrich Grutzmacher was born in Germany in 1832. He became Gewandhaus principal cellist, and settled in Dresden as Hofkapelle principal and professor. He edited many cello pieces, and said about his work: "My main purpose has been to reflect and determine what these masters might have been thinking, and to set down all that they, themselves, could have indicated down to the smallest detail..." He premiered the Five Pieces in Folk Style with Clara Schumann. Grutzmacher is justly famous for his 1895 edition of the Boccherini B flat Concerto. He died in 1903.

Leopold Grutzmacher (1835-1900), brother of Friedrich, played solo cello for the Schwerin Hofkapelle and the Landestheater in Prague (about the time Dvorak was first violist), and was a well-known chamber musician.

Anton Hegner (1861-1915) became principal cellist in 1893 of the New York Symphony, at the invitation of conductor Walter Damrosch.

Friedrich Gustave Jansen was born in Germany in 1831. He taught in Gottengen, and was organist and royal music director for the Verden Cathedral. Jansen published cello-piano arrangements of Romberg's Sonatas Op. 38 (originally for solo cello plus viola and cello) and Op. 43 (for two cellos). Jensen died in 1910.

Hans Kindler (1892-1949) was a teacher and cellist with the Berlin Philharmonic. In 1914 he became principal cellist of the Philadelphia Orchestra under Leopold Stokowski. He both founded and conducted the National Symphony in 1931. He orchestrated and recorded Cassado's "Frescobaldi Toccata."

Julius Klengel (born 1859) was professor of cello at the Leipzig Conservatory from 1881 until his death in 1933. Klengel taught Piatigorsky, Feuermann, Paul Grummer, Joachim Stutschewsky, William Pleeth (Du Pre's teacher), and Edmund Kurtz. His cello compositions favor the highest register.

Julius' brother, Paul Klengel (1854-1935) was a choral conductor, teacher at the Leipzig Conservatory, editor of Kammersonaten for Breitkopf, and a "house arranger" for Simrock, Brahms' publisher. He arranged Brahms' G Major Violin Sonata Op. 78 for cello, transposed to D Major. International mistakenly republished it as arranged by Brahms.

Johannes Klingenberg (1852-1905) revised Dotzauer's Method and 113 Etudes. He was Brunswick Hofkapelle solo cellist and editor for Collection Litolff. He mysteriously disappeared while hiking in the mountains.

Jacques Van Lier, born in Holland in 1875, was solo cellist and a teacher in Berlin, where he founded the Hollandisches Trio. Van Lier escaped from Hitler's Germany to England in 1939. He died in 1951.

Edmund Kurtz was born in 1908, a student of Julius Klengel, and once principal cellist in Chicago (1936). Kurtz edits for International.

German cellist August Lindner (1820-78) became solo cellist in Hanover, Germany, and remained there his entire life. He edited the Corelli D-Minor Sonata and Handel Sonatas.

Joseph Malkin was born in Russia in 1879, and became solo cellist for the Berlin Philharmonic. Malkin was principal cellist with the Boston and Chicago Symphonies, and formed a trio with his brothers. In 1933, the family founded the Malkin Conservatory, which Joseph directed for ten years. He then joined the New York Philharmonic, retiring in 1949.

Maurice Marechal (1892-1964) was a concert artist and professor of cello at the Paris Conservatoire in 1942. After Marechal premiered the Sonate for Violin and Cello, Ravel congratulated him for "an amazing first performance." Saint-Saens gave Marechal permission to "arrange for cello anything you like."

Benedetto Mazzacurati was born in Italy around the year 1915. He taught in Turin, was solo cellist of Orquestra Radio Italia, and played with I Virtuosi di Roma. Mazzacurati worked with editor, violinist, and composer Ettore Bonelli.

Alfred Moffat, born in Scotland in 1866, studied in Berlin, then served as an editor for Schott's Kammersonaten and Simrock's Meisterschule du alten Zeit. He died in 1950. His collection of early music is housed at the Library of Congress.

Hans Monch-Holland was born in Switzerland in 1899, and succeeded Julius Klengel in the Gewandhaus Quartet. In 1940, he played in a trio with pianist Claudio Arrau. He died in 1971.

Ferdinando Ronchini was born in 1865, and toured Europe with soprano Etelka Giardini. He taught at the Instituto Reggio Emilia, and was solo cellist of various orchestras in Italy. He finally settled in Paris, where he worked as a composer and arranger.

Gustav Saenger was born in New York City in 1865, and played violin with the Metropolitan Opera, the New York Philharmonic, and the New York Symphony. He was Carl Fischer's editor-in-chief from 1907 until his death. He was a prolific transcriber, arranger, and editor. His pseudonym was W. F. Ambrosio. He died in 1935.

Joseph Salmon was born in the Netherlands in 1864, and became a student of Franchomme. He concertized extensively, particularly in Russia. He premiered Enesco's Symphonie Concertante and played with the Hayot String Quartet. He edited more than 80 l8th-century works for cello. He died in 1943.

Born in 1855, Alwin Schroeder was a violist who taught himself to play the cello. In 1885 he joined the Kneisel Quartet and toured the U.S. He became first cellist of the Boston Symphony and taught at the New York Institute for Musical Art. He replaced Leo Schulz in the Margulies Trio and played with the Boston String Quartet. He died in 1920.

Karl Schroeder (Alwin's brother) was born in 1848. He became solo cellist in Sondershausen, Germany, at age 14. At 26, he was the Gewandhaus' principal cellist and professor at the Conservatory, succeeded by Julius Klengel. He conducted in Brunswick, Sondershausen, Leipzig, and Dresden, and opera posts in Rotterdam, Berlin, and Hamburg. After 1911, Karl taught and conducted at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin. He died in 1935.

Born in 1865, Leo Schulz was principal cellist in Berlin and with the Gewandhaus. He came to America in 1889, and spent a year in the Boston Symphony. Played with the New York Philharmonic for 15 years, then joined the New York Symphony under Walter Damrosch. He taught at the National Conservatory, played with the Margulies Trio and the Mannes Quartet, and, in the 1920s, formed the Old Masters Trio with violinist Michael Press (who arranged Handel-Halvorsen's Passacaglia for violin/cello).

Walter Schulz was born in 1893, and studied with Dechert in Berlin. He shared principal cellist duties in 1925 for the Berlin Philharmonic under Wilhelm Furtwangler with Gregor Piatigorsky. Schulz taught at Leipzig's Staatlich Hochschule fur Musik. He died in 1967.

Of Russian descent, Joseph Schuster was born in Constantinople in 1903. Schuster was principal in Berlin before coming to New York in 1936 as the Philharmonic's first cellist. Schuster died in 1976.

Max Seiffert (1868-1948) was a musicologist who lectured at the Berlin Hochschule, and edited for Breitkopf's Collegium Musicum chamber-music series-particularly Handel's compositions.

Luigi Silva was born in 1903. He was solo cellist for the Rome Opera and played with the Quartetto di Roma. After teaching all over Italy, Silva came to the U.S. in 1939 and served on the faculties of Eastman, Juilliard, Mannes, Yale, Hartt, and Peabody. He died in 1961.

Nathan Stutch, born in 1919, became a section cellist with the New York Philharmonic in 1946 and later was associate principal (until 1990). He studied with Felix Salmond at Curtis; then Feuermann gave him a private scholarship. He edits for International.

Joachim Stutschewsky was born in the Ukraine in 1891. He founded the Viennese Trio and Quartet with Rudolf Kolisch. After the Nazi takeover in 1938, Stutschewsky immigrated to to Tel Aviv. Stutschewsky died in 1982.

Percy Such was born in England in 1878, and studied chamber music with Joachim. He debuted with the Berlin Philharmonic at the age of 20, and then became principal for the London Pops Orchestra, and sometimes performed as an extra cellist with the Joachim Quartet. He edited the Beethoven sonatas with Sir Donald Francis Tovey and taught for a time in New York.

Jules De Swert (born in 1843) studied with Servais and became principal cellist in Weimar. He was also principal of Berlin's Hofkapelle and the Hochschule's first cello professor. In 1873, De Swert retired from teaching to compose. He formed a trio with Leopold Auer and Clara Schumann. Richard Wagner appointed him principal cellist in his orchestra in Bayreuth. He died in 1891.

Arnold Trowell was born in New Zealand in 1887. He studied with Hugo Becker and settled in London in 1907, where he taught at the Guildhall School.

Walter Upmeyer was born in Germany in 1876, and played in the orchestra in Bayreuth. He contributed-with van Lier, Piatti, de Swert, Trowell, Ernest Cahnbley, and William Whitehouse-to Schott's 18th-century Kammersonaten series.

Born in Holland in 1889, Cornelius Van Vliet played with the Concertgebouw and was principal in Leipzig and Prague. He moved to the United States in 1911, and played with the Minneapolis Symphony. He was principal cello with the New York Philharmonic and the Pittsburg Symphony. He formed the New York Trio, taught at the University of Colorado, and retired in 1953. He died in 1963.

August Wenzinger was born in Switzerland in 1905. He was solo cellist in Bremen and a member of the Basel Allemeine Musik Gesellschaft for 35 years. Wenzinger gave the European premiere of Hindemith's Concerto, but loved early music. He played baroque cello, formed a gamba trio, and taught at the Schola Cantorurn Basiliensis. He died in 1996.

Joseph Werner, born in 1837, was principal cellist for the Munich Hofkapelle. He wrote a popular cello Method which went through five printings. Sophie Menter, daughter of Werner's teacher, became David Popper's first wife. He died in 1922.

Born in 1859, William Whitehouse was Piatti's favorite student. He taught at the Royal Academy and Cambridge University. His most famous students were Felix Salmond (who premiered the Elgar Concerto) and Beatrice Harrison (who twice recorded the Elgar Concerto under Elgar's baton). Whitehouse edited Piatti's Caprices. He died in 1935.

Willem Willeke was born in 1880. He had the distinction of performing Brahms with Brahms, the Grieg Sonata with Grieg, the Strauss Sonata with Strauss, and the Saint-Saens concerto with Saint-Saens. He became a physician, but also played principal cello with several important orchestras and conducted, too. In 1907, he succeeded Alwin Schroeder in the Kneisel quartet. Later, Willeke formed the Elshuco Trio, whose name was an anagram taken from the name of patron-of-the arts Elizabeth Shurtleff (Sprague) Coolidge, who sponsored the Berkshire Music Festival. Willeke directed the BMF until his death in 1950.

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